How do they move?

 Hamsters! Not really. Each of my kinetic sculptures is a wooden machine powered by a constant force spring which must be wound. While visually interesting sculptures when still, they become truly fascinating when in motion. After a simple winding they entertain with motion and soft sounds for varying lengths of time. Increasing run times has always been a goal. Some will run for 1 1/2 hours while others keep moving for up to 15 hours! That is quite an increase over my original designs which stopped after 20 minutes.

Click here for more information on my use of constant force springs.

My earliest work was powered by descending weights. I have also designed several electric pieces.